Janati Idrissi, N. and Falguerès, C. and Haddad, M. and Nespoulet, R. and Hajraoui, M.A.E. and Debénath, A. and Bejjit, L. and Bahain, J.-J. and Michel, P. and Garcia, T. and Boudad, L. and Hammouti, K.E. and Oujaa, A. (2012) Combined ESR-U/TH dating on fossil teeth from el mnasra and el harhoura 2 caves, Rabat-Temara Area. Chronological implications on the human settlement of northwestern part of Morocco during the upper Pleistocene Datation par Esr-U/th combinées de dents fossiles des grottes D'el mnasra et d'el harhoura 2, région de Rabat-Temara: Implications chronologiques sur le peuplement du Maroc atlantique au Pléistocé ne supérieur et son environnement. Quaternaire, 23 (1). pp. 25-35.

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Abstract

The region ofTemara-Rabat yields several archaeological and palaeontological sites of an utmost importance for the prehistory of Morocco and more generally for Northern Africa. During the seventies, the discovery of Palaeolithic human remains associated with Aterian and Upper Palaeolithic artefacts, at Dar es Soltane, El Harhoura 1 and Contrebandiers, have emphasized the interest of the sites in this area. Two caves have been well-studied and are still under excavation: El Mnasra since 1990 and El Harhoura 2 since 2001. The combined ESR-U/Th method applied to fossil herbivorous teeth allows a chronostratigraphical view thanks to guide marks precising the palaeoenvironmental frame in which humans lived during the Palaeolithic period in Morocco. All dated layers are attributed to the Aterian culture. The analyses were performed on bovid fossil teeth unearthed from layers 8, 5 and 4a at El Harhoura 2, and from layers 7, 6a and 6 at El Mnasra. The preliminary results range between 92 and 44 ka for El Haroura2, and between 89 and 66 ka for El Mnasra. These results suggest that caves of Témara region began to be frequented by modern humans from marine isotope stage 5 until 40 ka. The sedimentary record continued later, as evidenced by remains of occupations during Upper Paleolithic and Neolithic found in stratigraphic position.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: chronology; chronostratigraphy; fossil record; human settlement; Neolithic; Paleolithic; paleontology; Pleistocene; tooth; uranium series dating, Morocco; Rabat; Rabat-Sale-Zemmour-Zaer; Temara, Bovidae
Subjects: Earth and Planetary Sciences
Divisions: SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION > Earth and Planetary Sciences
Depositing User: Administrateur Eprints Administrateur Eprints
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2020 15:46
URI: http://eprints.umi.ac.ma/id/eprint/2920

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