Benzaggagh, M. (2016) Tholeitic basalts and ophiolitic complexes of the Mesorif Zone (External rif, Morocco) at the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary and the importance of the Ouerrha accident in the palaeogeographic and geodynamic evolution of the Rif Mountains Basaltos toleíticos y complejos ofiolíticos de la zona mesorifeña (Rif externo, Marruecos) en el límite Jurásico-Cretácico y la importancia del Sistema del Ouerrha en la evolución paleogeográfica y geodinámica de cadena montaña del Rif. Boletin Geologico y Minero, 127 (2-3). pp. 389-406.

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Abstract

The stratigraphical series around the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary of the External Rif Mountains, in particular those in the Mesorif Zone, exhibits many outcrops with volcanic materials spread westwards over 200 km. These materials show diverse aspects: basalt lithoclasts reworked into calcareous breccia beds or in marly matrix breccia, interstratified lava flows and volcanoclastic complexes incorporated within the Berriasian marls. In the Central Rif, several magmatic blocks outcrop, usually regarded as granite scales from the Paleozoic basement or as intrusive gabbros of Barremian age. Actually these magmatic massifs display typical ophiolitic sequences and they are overlaid by mega-olistoliths of Jurassic materials and locally by radiolarite layers. Geochemical analysis of several basalt and gabbro samples belonging to the Mesorif Zone evidenced that both display a typical E-MORB magma indicating at least partial oceanization of the Mesorif basement. Concerning geodynamics, the Mesorif Zone had undergone, at the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary interval, two successive palaeogeographic phases: an uplift, close to emersion during the Kimmeridgian-Early Tithonian interval, stressed by important submarine volcanic activities and intense brecciation of the carbonate formations, followed by a general collapse at the Late Tithonian, underlined by lava flows, slumping as mega-olistoliths and the formation of an oceanic crust, at least in the Central Rif. These magmatic materials, distributed on both sides of the Ouerrha Valley, evidence that this westwards extending valley (the Nekor Accident), may correspond in the Central Rif, to two palaeo-subduction planes which become two major overlapping thrusts in the western part of the Rif Mountains. © 2016 Tohoku University, Mathematical Institute. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: basement rock; gabbro; geodynamics; Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary; lava flow; ophiolite; outcrop; paleogeography; subduction zone; tholeiitic basalt, Morocco; Rif, Acari
Subjects: Earth and Planetary Sciences
Divisions: SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION > Earth and Planetary Sciences
Depositing User: Administrateur Eprints Administrateur Eprints
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2020 15:46
URI: http://eprints.umi.ac.ma/id/eprint/2873

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