Dusanter, S. and Elmaimouni, L. and Fittschen, C. and Lemoine, B. and Devolde, P. (2005) Falloff curves for the unimolecular decomposition of two acyl radicals: RCO (+M) → R + CO (+M) by pulsed laser photolysis coupled to time-resolved infrared diode laser absorption. International Journal of Chemical Kinetics, 37 (10). pp. 611-624.

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The rate constants script k signd the unimolecular decomposition of two acyl (RCO) radicals: 2,2-dimethylpropionyl (CH3) 3CCO and 2-methylpropionyl (CH3)2CHCO (pivaloyl and isobutyryl, respectively in what follows) have been directly measured via the time-resolved kinetics of CO formation as a function of pressure and temperature. The acyl radicals are generated by H-atom abstraction of the aldehydic hydrogen from the corresponding substituted propanals using pulsed laser photolysis of aldehyde/Cl2/N2 mixtures. The buildup of CO concentration is monitored by time-resolved infrared absorption at ≅2177 cm-1. The extent of the chain reactions triggered by the reactions of Cl2 with alkyl and acyl radicals (thus generating further Cl atoms after the initial laser pulse) has been limited by adding variable known concentrations of O2, a radical scavenger which is sequestering all radicals to form less reactive RO2 radicals. Besides script k signd, we have also determined for the first time the rate constants of the reactions of the two acyl radicals with O2; since the latter do not exhibit any clear trend with either temperature or pressure, we thus adopt the average of all experimental values: i.e. for pivaloyl: script k signO2 = (3.5 ±1.0) × 10-12 cm3 molecule-1 s-1, and for isobutyryl: kO2 = (3.2 ± 1.0) × 10-12 cm3 molecule-1 s-1. Our values of script k signd, which are in the falloff range, are compared to those obtained from theoretical calculations using the Troe formalism 5, For pivaloyl at 298 K, we obtain the following limiting rate constants: script k sign0 = 2.1 × 10 -13cm3 molecule-1 s-1, script k sign∞ = 4.3 × 105s-1,Fc = 0.515, which are at variance with the theoretical predictions of Tomas et al. (Phys Chem Chem Phys 2000, 2, 1165-1174). For isobutyryl, our experimental data are entirely consistent with the predictions of Tomas et al. Extrapolation of our Troe parameters to tropospheric conditions (298 K, atmospheric pressure) shows, in agreement with previous authors, that for both radicals the reaction with O2 is several orders of magnitude faster than the unimolecular decomposition. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Absorption; Laser pulses; Organic compounds; Rate constants, Chain reactions; Falloff curves; Unimolecular decomposition, Reaction kinetics
Subjects: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Divisions: SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION > Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Administrateur Eprints Administrateur Eprints
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2020 15:44
URI: http://eprints.umi.ac.ma/id/eprint/1590

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